lunes, 20 de octubre de 2014

The passive voice


The passive (1)

The passive (present simple, past simple and will)
Use
We use the passive when we don’t know who or what does the action, or when it isn’t important.
After the car accident, Peter was arrested.
The space shuttle will be launched on 4th July.
We use the active when we know who or what does the action, and it’s important.
After the car accident, the police arrested Peter.
NASA will launch the space shuttle on 4th July.
Form
We use the correct tense of the verb be +
past participle.
These computers are made in Japan.
The telephone was invented by Alexander Bell.
The crime will be investigated by the police.

1 Underline the passive verbs. Then rewrite the sentences in the active.

A valuable painting was stolen from the Louvre last night.
Someone stole a valuable painting from the Louvre last night.
1 The World Cup is watched by millions of football fans.
Millions of football fans ……………………
………………………………………………
2 The film premiere will be attended by lots
of stars.
Lots of stars …………………………………
………………………………………………
3 The first movie camera was invented by William Dickson in 1891.
William Dickson ……………………………
………………………………………………
4 The new Virgin Megastore will be opened by Robbie Williams.
Robbie Williams ……………………………
………………………………………………

2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the passive.
1 The leather jacket ……………… (design) by a famous designer. It cost £3,500.
2 The new Boyzone album ……………… (not release) until September.
3 A lot of computer games ……………… (make) in Taiwan these days. Most of the
games ……………… (export) to America
and Europe.
4 Madonna is a very popular singer. Every
week millions of her CDs ……………… (sell) around the world.
  1. Romeo and Juliet ……………… (perform) at the Globe Theatre next Saturday.

3 Complete the article with the correct form of the passive.

Stunts
Nowadays, action films are getting more and
more spectacular. Many special effects are
added (add) to make the action more realistic.
  It’s impossible to control the weather during
filming. As a result, weather effects
1……………… often ……………… (create) for
the film. For example, the winter scenes in
Young Sherlock Holmes 2……………… (not
film) in winter, but in the middle of summer.
The snow 3……………… (make) from
polystyrene!
  Car chases, high-speed crashes, or falls from
high buildings 4……………… (not play) by the
stars themselves – they 5……………… (do) by
stuntmen. In Volcano, stuntmen 6………………
(set on fire). However, the actors 7……………… (protect) by several layers of special clothing, so nobody 8……………… (injure).
  In the future, many stunts 9………………
(not need). Most effects 10………………
(generate) by computer, so action films should be safer and easier to make.