miércoles, 1 de junio de 2016

GREEN PLANET: Environment – Vocabulary List and Sentences in English

Environment – Vocabulary List and Sentences in English

PhraseExample
A
acid rainAcid rain is very harmful to the environment.
aerosol, sprayAerosol sprays are the worst cause of pollution in the home.
to affectThis area was affected by the flood.
to ailThe huge trees had been ailing for years before they were cut down.
atmosphereThe Earth's atmosphere is a thin layer of gases that surrounds the Earth.
to be awareI think my neighbour isn't aware of polluting the environment.
B
balanceNature's balance might be disturbed.
biodegradableAll our products are biodegradable.
biodiversityWhat about an evening stroll to look at the biodiversity in our park?
biosphereThe biosphere is the part of the earth's atmosphere and surface in which animals and plants can live.
C
carbonCarbon is a chemical substance contained in all plants and animals.
carbon dioxideThe concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is low.
carbon monoxideCarbon monoxide is emitted by cars.
catalytic converterSince 1993 catalytic converters have been compulsory in Britain.
catastropheThe Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund (FHCF) was created in November 1993.
to chop downPoor people often chop down trees for firewood.
climateThe Mediterranean climate is good for growing citrus fruits.
coastal watersMany bays and coastal waters have been contaminated with heavy metals.
cooling agentCooling agents are expensive.
to combatThere should be stricter laws to combat air pollution.
to contaminateThe soil has been contaminated.
creatureIs there a sea creature or not?
D
death of the forestsThe death of the forests is a big problem in Europe.
to destroyThe house was completely destroyed by fire.
destructionThe use of renewable sources could stop the destruction of the rainforests.
detergentTry to use detergents that are perfume free.
to die outAnimals are dying out far more often than you might think.
to diminishThe people try to diminish the pollution of the water.
dirtThe dirt has been removed from the ground.
to disappearMany species disappeared in the last century.
disasterThe recent earthquake in India is a disaster.
disposalUnfortunately, less people know of the disposal of hazardous waste.
droughtDrought had ruined the crops year after year.
to dry up, to parchDuring the long time of drought many rivers have dried up/parched.
to dumpOld washing machines have been dumped near the beach.
dumping groundCity canals are often used as dumping grounds.
dustDo not inhale the dust, it's dangerous.
E
earthquakeOn April 18, 1906, shortly after 5:00 am, a great earthquake struck San Francisco.
ecologyOil pollution could damage the ecology of the costs.
ecosystemJordan appealed for assistance to
help save the ecosystem of the Dead Sea, whose water level is dropping.
emissionThe organization calls for stricter controls on emissions.
to emitSulphur gases were emitted by the spewing volcano.
endangeredThe sea turtle is an endangered species.
energy conservationEnergy conservation is a process of saving energy.
energy sourceSpace energy is one of the energy sources of the future.
energy-efficientEnergy-efficient windows help to lower your heating costs.
environmentWe must protect the environment.
environmentalistEnvironmentalists are people who love the natural world.
to erodeIt took about 67,000 years to erode the Grand Canyon.
erosionWind and water are the main agents of soil erosion.
evolutionThe introduction of cloned plants will effect evolution.
exhaust fumesOver the past month officers have been stopping vehicles in Manchester to test exhaust fumes.
to be exposed toYou risk skin cancer if you are often exposed to strong sunlight.
extinctHawaii is home to a great many extinct species.
F
factory farmingIs factory farming a way of animal abuse?
famineThe Irish Famine of 1846-50 took as many as a million lives from hunger and disease.
fertileFertile land is land where things grow easily.
fertilizerFertilizers are chemicals given to plants with the intention of promoting growth.
FischdampferTrawlers, are not permitted on the lake.
fumeWorkers are exposed to fumes from asphalt.
fumesThe lava gives off clouds of toxic fumes as it flows into the Pacific Ocean.
G
geothermalThe first geothermal power station was built in Landrella, Italy.
global warmingThey started a campaign to slow down the process of global warming.
greenhouse effectThe greenhouse effect is the rise in temperature caused by gases in the atmosphere.
H
hardest hitOur town was hardest hit by last year's earthquake.
to harmPollution can harm animals and the environment.
to be harmfulAir pollution is harmful to everyone.
heat waveSlow down and avoid strenuous activity if a heat wave is happening.
heavy metalLess heavy metal has been introduced by air into the Baltic Sea since the 1990s.
hydrocarbonVarious hydrocarbons have been found in Jupiter's atmosphere.
I
industrial wasteIndustrial waste can contain small amounts of radioactive materials.
insulationOften glass fibre is used as roof insulation.
L
to leakOil leaked out of the tank.
to loadThe owners of the local factories are loaded with new environmental laws.
M
marine lifeAround the islands marine life is seriously threatened by oil slick.
to menaceHurricane Hugo menaced the US coast for seven days.
N
natural gas61 percent of US households used natural gas for heating in 2002.
O
oil slickLarge oil slicks were found near the coast.
overfertilizationOverfertilization is a common problem.
oxygenThe cells need oxygen to survive.
ozone layerThe ozone layer screens out the sun's harmful ultraviolet radiation.
P
permissionAsk permission for the privilege to cross private land.
poisonThe cat was killed by rat poison.
poisonousShe has lots of poisonous plants in her garden.
the polar ice capsIf the polar ice caps melt, the ocean levels rise.
to pollutePlease do not pollute the air.
pollutionAir pollution is a problem for all of us.
power stationPower stations are only about 40 per cent efficient.
precipitationRain, snow, hail and sleet are types of precipitation.
preservationHe is interested in historic preservation.
preventionThe prevention of litter is very important.
to protectRussia wants to protect the environment in the Baltic region.
to purifyYou can purify water with two chemicals: chlorine bleach and iodine.
R
radiationRadiation is used for medical reasons.
rainforestTropical rainforests are the Earth's oldest living ecosystems.
to recycleThis carton is made from recycled paper.
remedial actionThe Great Lakes Remedial Action Plan Program was created in 1987.
renewablerenewable energy system converts the energy found in sunlight, wind, falling water, waves, geothermal heat, or biomass.
reusableThere are two kinds of plastic bottles: reusable bottles and single-service bottles.
S
to screen fromYou should screen your eyes from the sun when hiking in the mountains.
sea levelDeath Valley lies 86 metres (282 feet) below sea level.
sewageSewage, used water, comes from factories and households.
sewage plantThe city needs to have a sewage plant.
sludgeSludge is often used on agricultural land.
soilSoil is the top layer of the earth in which trees, plant etc. grow.
solventBenzene and turpentine are solvents.
starvationStarvation is the most severe form of malnutrition.
stratosphereThe ozone layer is within the stratosphere.
surfaceAbout 70% of the Earth's surface is covered with water.
T
to threatenToxic chemical substances threaten sea turtles.
tideThe tide is in/out.
timberTimber is wood for building ships and houses.
toxic wasteA ship with toxic waste sank.
toxic waste dumpThe toxic waste dump was built.
trawlerTrawlers, are not permitted on the lake.
U
unleadedUnleaded petrol is less harmful to the environment.
untreatedCoastal cities often dump their untreatened wastes into the sea.
urbanizationThe urabanization is a world-wide trend.
W
waste heatThe use of waste heat will reduce electricity consumption.
waste paperRecycling waste paper is a favourable method.
waste separationDo you know how to do waste separation?
wind energyWind energy is widely used in South Africa for water pumping.
windpark/windfarmOffshore windfarms have been built.