lunes, 11 de enero de 2016

SELECTIVIDAD EXAM: Benefits of physical activity

4. GRAMMATICAL TRANSFORMATION.

A. Rewrite the following sentence as a third type (impossible) conditional.(maximum one point)

IF YOU ENGAGE IN MORE VIGOROUS ACTIVITIES, YOU WILL HAVE GREATER HEALTH BENEFITS.
(real possibility)

GRAMMAR EXPLANATIONWith the third conditional we talk about the past. We talk about a condition in the past that did not happen. That is why there is no possibility for this condition. The third conditional is also like a dream, but with no possibility of the dream coming true. EXAMPLE: Last week you bought a lottery ticket. But you did not win. :(
ifconditionresult
Past Perfectwould have + past participle
Ifhad won the lottery,would have bought a car.

IF YOU HAD ENGAGED IN MORE VIGOROUS ACTIVITIES, YOU WOULD HAVE HAD GREATER HEALTH BENEFITS.
(Impossible situation)

B. Rewrite the following sentence in the passive voice. Do not omit any part of it (maximum one point.)

THE US DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAS RECENTLY PUBLISHED NEW DIETARY GUIDELINES.

GRAMMAR EXPLANATION: Form of Passive
Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle (Either -ed, for Regular verbs OR 3rd column of irregular verbs)
The Subject of the active turns to Agent in the passive sentence.
The Direct Object of the Active turns to be Subject in the passive sentence.

New Dietary guidelines have been recently published by the US Department of Agriculture.





You learn something every day if you pay attention. ~Ray LeBlond