jueves, 8 de enero de 2015


Health and Healthcare - Illnesses
ear ache
stomach ache
heart attack
heart disease
infectious disease

more expressions and vocabulary

Healthy living

healthy living, healthy lifestyle, to be in good health, to feel well;
balanced diet, nutritious food, to have regular meals, to eat plenty of fruit and vegetables;
proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals;
to be overweight, to go on a diet, to stay slim;
physical fitness, regular exercise, sports;
to do morning exercises, to exercise regularly, to play sports, to go swimming;
to feel well, to be in good health, to be physically fit, to be in good shape;
healthy environment, clean water, fresh air, to quit smoking / to give up smoking;
to sleep well, to have / to get a good night's sleep, to have eight hours of sleep;
coping with stress, to cope with stress;
regular medical checkups, preventing injuries and diseases.

Diseases and disorders

disease, malady, ailment, illness, sickness, disorder, health problem;
chronic disease, acute disease, serious disease, heart disease, common diseases;
infectious disease, contagious disease, communicable diseases, noncommunicable diseases;
to have a heart disease, to suffer from asthma, to catch an infectious disease;
minor disorder, major disorder, nutrition disorder, blood disorders, mental disorders, congenital disorders, hereditary disorders, hormonal disorders;
to have a minor kidney disorder, to have a serious genetic disorder;
to fall ill, to be ill, to be sick, to be in poor health, to be in bad shape;
to have a cold, to catch cold, to come down with a cold, to come down with pneumonia, to go down with a cold / with pneumonia;
to have a headache, to have a toothache, to have earache, to have a pain in the stomach, to have chest pains, my left foot hurts, my wrist hurts;
to have an allergy to medication / to medicines / to drugs; to be allergic to pollen / to animal hair / to smoke; to have food allergies;
to faint, to lose consciousness, to be unconscious, to regain consciousness;
to treat, to cure, to heal; to be on the mend, to recover (from an illness), to get well.

Specific diseases, disorders, injuries

Skin: skin irritation, skin inflammation, redness, tenderness, swelling, rash, dermatitis, itchy skin / itching, acne, pimple, boil, blister, burn, scar, scratch, corn, callus, wart, eczema, psoriasis.
Hair: dandruff, split ends, thinning hair, hair loss, baldness.
Eye: nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, crossed eyes, conjunctivitis, sty, retinal detachment, cataract, glaucoma, blindness, color-blindness.
Ear: wax blockage, hearing loss, earache, ruptured eardrum, otitis / infection of the middle ear.
Nose, throat, lungs: nosebleed, runny nose, stuffy nose, rhinitis, allergic rhinitis / hay fever, sinusitis, a cold, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma.
Heart and circulation: atherosclerosis, hypertension / high blood pressure, heart disease, coronary heart disease, coronary thrombosis, heart failure, heart attack, cardiac arrest, congenital heart disease, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis.
Blood: anemia, bleeding, internal bleeding, hemorrhage, hemophilia, leukemia.
Brain and nervous system: headache, migraine, dizziness / giddiness / vertigo, fainting spell, neuralgia, meningitis, epilepsy, convulsions, seizure, stroke, paralysis, cerebral palsy, dementia.
Nutrition: vitamin deficiency, mineral deficiency, obesity, to be overweight, weight loss, anorexia, bulimia.
Stomach, intestines: heartburn, indigestion, dyspepsia, upset stomach, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, gastritis, ulcer, gastroenteritis, colitis, constipation, appendicitis, hemorrhoids, dysentery, cholera.
Liver: hepatitis, jaundice, cirrhosis. Gall bladder: gallstones, cholecystitis.
Kidneys, bladder: pyelonephritis, kidney stones, cystitis.
Bones, joints: backache / back pain, scoliosis, osteoporosis, arthritis.
Muscles: muscle spasm, muscle cramp, muscular dystrophy, hernia.
Injuries: injury, wound, trauma, hand injury, knee injury, foot injury, head injury, concussion, contusion, fracture, fractured bone, slipped disc / prolapsed disc, dislocation, sprain, sprained ankle, pulled muscle, bruise, to break one's arm, to have a broken arm.
General infections / systemic infections: the flu / influenza, tuberculosis, tetanus, rabies, yellow fever, typhoid, smallpox, anthrax, leprosy.
Infectious diseases (especially in childhood): measles, rubella / German measles, mumps, whooping cough / pertussis, diphtheria, polio, chicken pox, scarlet fever.
Infestations, parasytes: helminthic invasion, tapeworm, pinworm, hookworm, roundworm, scabies, malaria, lice, fleas, ticks.
Hormonal disorders: diabetes, disorders of the pituitary gland, disorders of the thyroid gland.
Oncology: benign tumor, malignant tumor, cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, stomach cancer, skin cancer.
Mental disorders: depression, phobia, schizophrenia.
Addictions: alcohol abuse, drug abuse.