jueves, 8 de enero de 2015

Health

Health and Healthcare - Illnesses
ache
ear ache
headache
stomach ache
toothache
cancer
cold
cough
flu
heart attack
heart disease
infection
infectious disease
pain
virus





more expressions and vocabulary


Healthy living

healthy living, healthy lifestyle, to be in good health, to feel well;
balanced diet, nutritious food, to have regular meals, to eat plenty of fruit and vegetables;
proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals;
to be overweight, to go on a diet, to stay slim;
physical fitness, regular exercise, sports;
to do morning exercises, to exercise regularly, to play sports, to go swimming;
to feel well, to be in good health, to be physically fit, to be in good shape;
healthy environment, clean water, fresh air, to quit smoking / to give up smoking;
to sleep well, to have / to get a good night's sleep, to have eight hours of sleep;
coping with stress, to cope with stress;
regular medical checkups, preventing injuries and diseases.

Diseases and disorders

disease, malady, ailment, illness, sickness, disorder, health problem;
chronic disease, acute disease, serious disease, heart disease, common diseases;
infectious disease, contagious disease, communicable diseases, noncommunicable diseases;
to have a heart disease, to suffer from asthma, to catch an infectious disease;
minor disorder, major disorder, nutrition disorder, blood disorders, mental disorders, congenital disorders, hereditary disorders, hormonal disorders;
to have a minor kidney disorder, to have a serious genetic disorder;
to fall ill, to be ill, to be sick, to be in poor health, to be in bad shape;
to have a cold, to catch cold, to come down with a cold, to come down with pneumonia, to go down with a cold / with pneumonia;
to have a headache, to have a toothache, to have earache, to have a pain in the stomach, to have chest pains, my left foot hurts, my wrist hurts;
to have an allergy to medication / to medicines / to drugs; to be allergic to pollen / to animal hair / to smoke; to have food allergies;
to faint, to lose consciousness, to be unconscious, to regain consciousness;
to treat, to cure, to heal; to be on the mend, to recover (from an illness), to get well.

Specific diseases, disorders, injuries

Skin: skin irritation, skin inflammation, redness, tenderness, swelling, rash, dermatitis, itchy skin / itching, acne, pimple, boil, blister, burn, scar, scratch, corn, callus, wart, eczema, psoriasis.
Hair: dandruff, split ends, thinning hair, hair loss, baldness.
Eye: nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, crossed eyes, conjunctivitis, sty, retinal detachment, cataract, glaucoma, blindness, color-blindness.
Ear: wax blockage, hearing loss, earache, ruptured eardrum, otitis / infection of the middle ear.
Nose, throat, lungs: nosebleed, runny nose, stuffy nose, rhinitis, allergic rhinitis / hay fever, sinusitis, a cold, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma.
Heart and circulation: atherosclerosis, hypertension / high blood pressure, heart disease, coronary heart disease, coronary thrombosis, heart failure, heart attack, cardiac arrest, congenital heart disease, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis.
Blood: anemia, bleeding, internal bleeding, hemorrhage, hemophilia, leukemia.
Brain and nervous system: headache, migraine, dizziness / giddiness / vertigo, fainting spell, neuralgia, meningitis, epilepsy, convulsions, seizure, stroke, paralysis, cerebral palsy, dementia.
Nutrition: vitamin deficiency, mineral deficiency, obesity, to be overweight, weight loss, anorexia, bulimia.
Stomach, intestines: heartburn, indigestion, dyspepsia, upset stomach, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, gastritis, ulcer, gastroenteritis, colitis, constipation, appendicitis, hemorrhoids, dysentery, cholera.
Liver: hepatitis, jaundice, cirrhosis. Gall bladder: gallstones, cholecystitis.
Kidneys, bladder: pyelonephritis, kidney stones, cystitis.
Bones, joints: backache / back pain, scoliosis, osteoporosis, arthritis.
Muscles: muscle spasm, muscle cramp, muscular dystrophy, hernia.
Injuries: injury, wound, trauma, hand injury, knee injury, foot injury, head injury, concussion, contusion, fracture, fractured bone, slipped disc / prolapsed disc, dislocation, sprain, sprained ankle, pulled muscle, bruise, to break one's arm, to have a broken arm.
General infections / systemic infections: the flu / influenza, tuberculosis, tetanus, rabies, yellow fever, typhoid, smallpox, anthrax, leprosy.
Infectious diseases (especially in childhood): measles, rubella / German measles, mumps, whooping cough / pertussis, diphtheria, polio, chicken pox, scarlet fever.
Infestations, parasytes: helminthic invasion, tapeworm, pinworm, hookworm, roundworm, scabies, malaria, lice, fleas, ticks.
Hormonal disorders: diabetes, disorders of the pituitary gland, disorders of the thyroid gland.
Oncology: benign tumor, malignant tumor, cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, stomach cancer, skin cancer.
Mental disorders: depression, phobia, schizophrenia.
Addictions: alcohol abuse, drug abuse.