jueves, 10 de diciembre de 2015

Reported Speech: CHANGING TIME AND PLACE REFERENCES

Time and place must often change when going from direct to reported speech.
Phrase in direct speechEquivalent in reported speech
todaythat day
"I saw him today", she said.She said that she had seen him that day.
yesterdaythe day before
"I saw him yesterday", she said.She said that she had seen him the day before.
The day before yesterdaytwo days before
"I met her the day before yesterday", he said.He said that he had met her two days before.
Tomorrowthe next/following day
"I'll see you tomorrow", he saidHe said that he would see me the next day.
The day after tomorrowin two days time/ two days later
"We'll come the day after tomorrow", they said.They said that they would come in two days time/ two days later.
Next week/month/yearthe following week/month/year
"I have an appointment next week", she said.She said that she had an appointment the following week.
Last week/month/yearthe previous/week/month/year
"I was on holiday last week", he told us.He told us that he had been on holiday the previous week.
agobefore
"I saw her a week ago," he said.He said he had seen her a week before.
this (for time)that
"I'm getting a new car this week", she said.She said she was getting a new car that week.
this/that (adjectives)the
"Do you like this shirt?" he askedHe asked if I liked the shirt.
herethere
He said, "I live here".He told me he lived there.
In general, personal pronouns change to the third person singular or plural, except when the speaker reports his own words:
I/me/my/mine, you/your/yours = him/his/her/hers
we/us/our/ours, you/your/yours = they/their/theirs
He said: "I like your new car." = He told her that he liked her new car.
I said: "I'm going to my friend's house." = I said that I was going to my friend's house.